Cuba is a long, narrow island. To go from the Cape of San Antonio, in the West, to the Tip of Maisí, in the East, one should travel 1,200 km. The island has 191 km in its widest part and only 31 km in its narrowest portion. Nature whimsically created it along an East-West line, which prevents the existence of long and wide rivers; it's major rivers are Cauto, Toa, Sagua la Grande, Zaza and Caonao.
Some ranges of relatively high mountains run across the island in different areas. Among them outstand the Guaniguanico range (West), the Guamuhaya range (center), and the Sagua-Baracoa and the Sierra Maestra ranges (East) including the Pico Real del Turquino, a peak that stands 1,974 m above sea level and is the highest in the country.
The landscape ranges from semi-desertic lands to tropical rainforests. Biodiversity is high and its various ecosystems are well preserved. It has a moderate subtropical climate with a predominance of warm temperatures. There are two main seasons: rainy, from May to October, and dry, from November to April. The main air temperature is 25.5°C and the annual relative humidity is 78%.
The official language is Spanish.
Cuba has one of the most heterogeneous populations in the world, with a perfect symbiosis amon whites, blacks, mulatoes and Chinese. It has more than 11,217,000 inhabitants, 75% of which live in urban areas.
Of the total population, 5,587,970 are male, and 5, 592,129 are female. The population density is 1003 people per km2, the most populated cities being the City of Havana (2,198,000), Santiago de Cuba (1,023,000) and Holguín (1,021,000).
A new political-administrative division was implemented in Cuba in 1977 dividing the country in 14 provinces, 169 municipalities and the Special Municipality of the Isle of Youth.
In Cuba, there is a wide freedom of religion expressed in the existence of a vast and diverse religious universe.
The distinctive feature of the religious belief in Cuba is the mixing of multiple creeds and religious manifestations. This mixing, described as a cross-cultural process by the great Cuban ethnologist Don Fernando Ortiz (1881/1969), and generally known as the religious syncretism, was mainly formed based on the juxtaposition of elements of the Catholic religion that was introduced in the country by conquerors and colonizers, and elements of the African religions brought by the slaves who were brutally taken away from the African continent. Elements of spiritism subsequently became part of this mixing.
Program 4 day and 3 nights in Havana from the Bahamas.
First Day : Arrival in Havana
12.00 Reception at the International Airport Havana. Transfer to the selected Hotel l. Accommodation with breakfast included
18:45 Pick up at the hotel. Transfer to a local restaurant. Transfer to Morro-Cabañas for Cannon Shot Ceremony. Return to hotel.
Second day: City Tour .
08:30 Breakfast at hotel.
09:00 Pick up at hotel for a city tour. Starts with a walking tour from the hotel in the historic center of Old Havana, Cultural Heritage: Plaza Vieja, Straw market continue down the street to the Hotel Ambos Mundos, where the American writer Ernest Hemingway lived, following the Plaza de the Cathedral and the bar-restaurant La Bodeguita del Medio. Returning to the Plaza de Armas, then the Oficios Street to the Plaza de San Francisco de Asis. Visit to the Rum Museum to appreciate the manufacturing process and Havana Club rum. Panoramic tour of the Museum of the Revolution, Central Park, Grand Theater of Havana and the National Capitol. While on the Prado Street to the Malecon to Modern Havana and Miramar neighborhood. Panoramic tour of the University Hill and Revolution Square with lunch at a local restaurant; back to the hotel,
20:00 Pick up from hotel and transfer to Tropicana (Option 1 without dinner), preferential seating with dinner at a local restaurant. Return to hotel.
Third day . Excursion to Viñales
08:00 Breakfast at the hotel.
08:30 Departure to the Valley of Viñales, Pinar del Rio, the west most province of Cuba and where the best tobacco in the world is grown. Exotic landscapes with valleys of royal palms, the national tree. Following the trip to Viñales. Stop at the Mirador de Los Jazmines to appreciate the Viñales Valley. Visit the Villa "Paraiso" where you can meet the lifestyle and culture of the local tobacco farmers and their hospitality and simplicity. Visit the Cueva del Indio, with boat ride on an underground river. Lunch in the Finca Rancho San Vicente. Visit the Mural of Prehistory where you can see ancient rock painting on the island. Return to the hotel in Havana. Farewell Dinner at a local Restaurant.
Fourth day . Transfer Hotel-International Airport in Havana
8:00 Breakfast at the hotel.
8:30 End of program.
• Round trip Tickets to Havana Nassau
• Accommodation with breakfast at selected hotels
• Airport taxes in Bahamas and in Cuba
•• Visits and meals as per program.
• Service air-conditioned car
• Professional guide service that accompanies and assists during the tour.
• Assistance service at the airport and hotels.
Prices do not include:
• Optional unspecified in the program.
• Dinner and drinks not mentioned in the program.